Tourists visiting the southern Italy, Naples, they have the opportunity to enjoy spectacular views, including the majestic mountains, located just a few kilometers from the city limits. The mountain has a height of 1281 meter does not look intimidating, if you do not know her name – Mount Vesuvius. It is the only active volcano in mainland Europe and one of the most dangerous volcanoes known to humankind.
Locals advise you to go to the coast of the Bay of Naples to the east of Naples. There are three ancient cities – Pompeii, Herculaneum and Stabiae, there a life stopped in one day 24 August 79, when the volcano picked up steam in full force. After the first volcanic shock followed by a second wave of pyroclastic flows, which completed the burial. Pompeii and Stabiae were under a layer of ash and pumice depth of 8 meters. Herculaneum was about 20 meters of layer of ash, rocks and mud.
Among the victims of the eruption were many slaves who were left to guard the owners property. Elderly and sick people were unable to leave the city, they are perished. There were those who thought that will be able to ride out the disaster in their own home. They also are perished.
People remembered only in the XVIII century about the dead cities, when was the new eruption of Vesuvius. Workers came upon the ancient Roman coins in this area. For a time, the territory became a haven for prospectors and hunters rarities in the form of statues and other historical relics.
Italian archaeologist Giuseppe Fiorelli began full excavation of Pompeii. It was he who found the bodies of people and animals, buried under a layer of volcanic ash. There were cavities. These cavities were filled by gypsum, this method allowed to reconstruct the poses dying victims of the eruption.
About Vesuvius, in 2014 was 70 years since its last major eruption. Anyway, scientists are convinced – the longer he remains silent, the more powerful will be his next shake.
Pictures taken in July, 27, 2015.